Practical Wing Chun consist of 3 empty hands forms and 3 training forms with tools: a wooden man, a long pole and knives.
The 3 empty hands forms study the techniques, angles and movement from the three main distances: Close distance, Punching distance and Long distance. The 3 tools will help enhance the power and momentum studied in the previous forms
Siu Lim Tao
The dictionary of the system
The Siu Lim Tao form is meant to be the dictionary of the system, since it includes all the basic principles and concepts of the system. It is intended to be for close fighting distance, where there is not initial contact or bridge yet. Being primarily about fighting at close distance, movements are intended for economy of movement, efficiency and using technique to overcome strength.
Characteristics of the training is focusing on the centre lines, diagonal lines and angles that create the foundation behind the basic elements such as balance, strength, timing, simultaneity and control.
Furthermore, the SLT helps the student developing static internal structure and body connections.
Movement and Body Connection
The principles of Chum Kiu are mostly about controlling the distance between you and the opponent (primarily keeping distance but also closing distance or making distance). It is where most of the footwork of the system is, and bearing the disadvantage of fighting while on distance, it also analyse all the situations that might happen in this area: locks, weapons and multiple attackers. The Chum Kiu will bring the training to the next level, teaching how to move the structure created in Siu Lim Tao into the surrounding space
Power and Speed
The Biu Ji form completes the movement patterns of PWC since it analyses the short close combat and ground defence distance and thereby enhances the ability to move freely in all distances and ranges of motion.
Being considered in the past the secretive form of the system, the Biu Ji includes inch punch, elbows, sweeps, thrusting fingers, side controls and sideward’s palm strikes to control or avoid this extremely close combat distance. For the same reason, the Biu Ji focus on developing short body power (Fa Jin) and explosive movement
Angles and Control
Being the best training partner in the absence of a real one, the wooden dummy helps developing combining the hands techniques founded in all the three forms, while using the footwork and the body structure to overcome a strong structure and help releasing your power into the opponent while keeping your own.
Developing internal power
Nei Gong is meant to complete the training in order to develop internal power. Still and Moving Gongs (exercises) are both trained in order to have a full rounded training while also developing the breathing patterns (Qi Gong) and finding the internal connections of the body.
The core body training
Weapons are the hard core training of the system, intended not only to develop internal power and explosiveness, but also to increase preciseness and accuracy of movement and the presence of the practitioner to be aware of his own body and the space that surround him while training. Weapon training include Long pole and Double Knives training.